The category of diseases known as cardiovascular disease includes coronary heart
disease, stroke, and blood
Heart attack and stroke are mostly brought on by coronary heart disease. Australia loses 45 people to coronary heart disease per day.
Because risk factors might be quiet, some people might not be aware that they are at risk of having a heart attack or stroke. You might not even be aware that you have high blood pressure or high cholesterol, for instance.
Along with other modifiable risk factors including inactivity and a poor diet, high cholesterol and high blood pressure are risk factors for heart attack and stroke.
Your doctor will determine your risk of having a heart attack or stroke within the next five years as part of a Heart Health Check. This is referred to as your risk score for cardiovascular disease. Your doctor can help you take action to lower your risk of having a heart attack or stroke by knowing your risk score.
Medicare will pay for a 20-minute check-up with your doctor called a “Heart Health Check.” You qualify for a heart health examination if you:
* Not experienced a heart attack or a stroke
* You are older than 45 years old (or over 30 years for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people).As part of a Heart Health check, your doctor will
* ask you about your medical and family history of heart disease
* ask you about your lifestyle, including your diet, physical activity, and if you smoke or drink alcohol.
* check your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
Your doctor will then take this information and use it to calculate your cardiovascular disease risk score.
Knowing your risk score will enable you and your doctor to take the best possible action to enhance your heart health right away. This may entail adopting a heart-healthy dietary regimen and increasing your level of physical activity. Additionally, some people might require medication to control their blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
To identify any heart disease risk factors as soon as possible, it is advised that people who identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander contact their doctor or an Aboriginal Health Practitioner starting at age 18.
Based on your modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, your doctor will
determine your cardiovascular disease risk score.
You can alter risk variables that are modifiable. You cannot adjust risk variables that are non-modifiable.
You can alter the following risk factors for heart attacks and strokes:
*A lack of exercise
*Obesity or excess weight
Additionally, the following medical problems raise risk:
*blood pressure is high (hypertension)
*diabetes type 2
*social isolation, anxiety, and depression.
Risk elements that you cannot alter include:
*whether you were a boy or a girl at birth (your sex)
*having had menopause
premature family history of cardiovascular disease (where one or more of your immediate family members, such as a parent or sibling, has had a heart attack or stroke before the age of 65).
People of indigenous descent, including those from Australia and New Zealand, South Asia, the Middle East, Mori, and Pacific Islands, are also more at risk.
Your doctor will determine your risk score, which is a percentage, after taking into account your risk factors.
The percentage indicates your likelihood of experiencing a heart attack or stroke within the following five years. Whether you are low, middle, or high risk, to put it another way.
Some individuals with specific medical issues don’t need a risk score because they are already at a high risk, thus they don’t need one. If you fall into this category, your doctor will inform you and offer suggestions for how to lower your risk. Visit Dr. Deependra Pandey for calculating your risk score.