Mesenteric Ischemia is an attack on the gut (stomach and intestines) like heart attack. It has thrombus (blood clot) formation and narrowing of arteries in the stomach and intestines, reducing gut blood circulation and death of the stomach/intestinal cells. In India, mesenteric ischemia patients have higher complications & death rate than the western countries.
For prolonged periods if the blood vessels remain blocked, intestine blackening develops, called ‘gangrene’ which is life threatening and causes loss of intestines
Consult a vascular surgeon as soon as possible to avoid intestine removal surgery.Computed tomography (CT) of your abdomen can help in the treatment
Initial Resuscitation and Critical Care is done :
Patients with threatened bowel, regardless cause require surgery. If the bowel is not viable/gangrenous, then the surgeon removes the bowel segment before revascularization.
3. Vascular bypass of mesenteric arteries- Commonly performed for acute or chronic occlusion of mesenteric arteries. During a mesenteric artery bypass, a vein or prosthetic bypass is grafted onto your aorta and then onto the mesenteric artery, making a different route for blood to flow to the intestines.