Congenital vascular Malformations are birthmarks treated by vascular surgeons and interventionalists.
There are two types of vascular anomalies according to ISSVA are –
First a clinical examination is done and then a Doppler ultrasound followed by an MRI or a CT angiography
Not all CVMs require aggressive treatment and some can be managed by compression stockings. CVMs are slowly progressive and may suddenly increase during puberty or post pregnancy.They are best managed using multidisciplinary approach combining nonsurgical, surgical and endovascular methods.
Main treatment for most CVMs.
A single or multiple injections of sclerosant solution (STS, bleomycin or alcohol) are given in the lesion using Doppler or fluoroscopy to reduce swelling size. Though initially hardness or bruising at the injection site may be felt.